Web Site : www.sainikschoolsociety.org

Historical Background


  The first decade after independence was a traumatic one. The wounds of partition, communal holocaust, resettlement of millions of refugees, integration of the five hundred and odd native states, the clamour of linguistic reorganization - these were but a few of the daunting problems. The compulsive hostility of Pakistan, souring of the once friendly ties with China, turbulence in the North-East and a vast coastline highlighted the necessity of a nationally representative, sizeable and well-equipped Army, Navy and Air-Force.


Prior to the Government of India Act of 1935 and the acute demands of World War II, the officer cadre of our armed forces was not open to our countrymen. Rare exceptions were granted to the scions of royalty and blue blood. Analysis of then existing officer cadre revealed a disturbing trend. It remained a monopoly of the so-called martial races and regions and alumni of the highly expensive and elitist public schools beyond the reach of all but a few. In short, our defence forces lacked a truly all-India image, character and ethos. The Indian Military Academy was in existence, therefore the setting up of the National Defence Academy (NDA) at Khadakvasla was but a logical step. The high levels of physical, mental and intellectual attainments needed for induction into the officer cadre could not be nurtured in the common schools mainly because of the lack of infrastructural facilities. A laissez-faire policy to leave it to the already existing, posh public schools would have been grossly unfair to the bright young children all over the country, for whom education in a public school was nothing but a dream. All these reasons prompted the then Defence Minister Shri V K Krishna Menon to envisage a chain of Sainik Schools with at least one in each State to serve as feeders to the NDA. Further, they would act as role models and influence other schools by their example and performance towards a paradigm shift in objectives of school education, as in the pre-independence years and to some extent even today, our education system is syllabus-examination oriented and not aimed at all-round development and enhancement of competitive skills.




In the beginning, the ISC system was followed but later changed to the CBSE pattern in 1972. Classes were originally organized from V to XI but with the introduction of the Ten plus Two system in 1978, they were reorganized from classes VI to XII.

  • In addition to their affiliation to the CBSE, all Sainik Schools have been admitted to the membership of the prestigious Indian Public Schools Conference.

  • The academic session in all the schools commences on 01 April and ends on 31 March of the following year.





    The scheme to establish Sainik Schools was introduced in 1961 with the primary aim of preparing boys academically, physically and mentally for entry into the National Defence Academy. The schools are a brain child of Sh. V.K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister. The other objectives of Sainik Schools are:-


a) To remove regional imbalance in the Officer cadre of the defence services.

b) To develop qualities of body, mind and character which will enable the young boys to become good and useful citizens. 

c) To bring Public School education within the reach of the common man.



Vision Statement


"To upgrade the schools as modern public schools offering education to childern of common man and to effectively use technology to integrate with the futuristic knowledge based society of emergning globalised world."



Salient Features of Sainik Schools



(a) The entire capital expenditure on land and buildings is met by the respective State Govts who are also required to provide funds for maintenance of infrastructure and for new infrastructural projects. The State Govts also award scholarships on merit cum means basis.



(b) These are fully residential schools run on public school lines. The schools provide all facilities for overall personality development. NCC is compulsory upto class-XII.



(c) They offer a common CBSE curriculum and the medium of instruction is English, though English is not a pre-requisite for admission.

(d) Most Sainik Schools are designed for 525 cadets spread over from class-VI to XII. However strength of the school can vary keeping in view available capacity and after taking permission of the Hony Secy. 

(e) These are financially self sustaining institutions and all expenditure on establishment, training and pension are met out of fee collected from the students. 

(f) All schools have three service officers Principal, Headmaster and Registrar. Principals are of the rank of Col, Headmasters are of the rank of Lt Col and Registrars are Major. These may be of equivalent rank from the three services. 



Role of Ministry of Defence in Sainik Schools



(a) Ministry of Defence provides scholarships to wards of defence personnel including ex-servicemen. In addition Ministry of Defence provides central assistance to those students who are awarded state scholarships. The sharing of expenditure on fees/scholarships among Central Govt, State Govt and parents is decided by the BOG from time to time.



(b) With effect from financial year 2003-04, the Ministry of Defence has implemented a scheme under which burden of fee and dietary charges are being shared between the Ministry of Defence and the parents in the ratio 3 : 1. Under this scheme all boys studying in Sainik Schools get financial assistance of about Rs.9,000 – 10,000 every year. The scheme also provides incentive to boys who join the NDA by refunding. 



Achievements of Sainik Schools



a) Aims - So far these schools have contributed about 7,000 officers to the three services. Its students today occupy important positions in all spheres of national activities. Since the schools were founded in early 60s, its cadets have now reached the level of Generals in the Army and equivalent Ranks in the Navy and Air Force. 

b) Results - These schools send about 130-160 cadets to the NDA every year. As far as CBSE results are concerned the schools are performing creditably. All efforts are on to improve the results qualitatively.

c) Quality Education - In most of the States Sainik Schools are the only residential institutions and that too located in isolated areas. Thus these schools have been able to contribute significantly to development of education in backward areas and also in carrying out backward area educational integration. 

d) Adventure Activities - All schools promote these activities to ensure all round development of personalities. 

e) Demand for new Sainik Schools - The good performance of these schools have resulted in greater demand by the State Govts for opening new Sainik Schools.

f) National Award - Every year two to three teachers of Sainik Schools get National Awards by President of India.



Unique Features of Sainik Schools



      A large country like ours would naturally have various types of schools, each following a different model of development of its students. It would be difficult and perhaps unnecessary, to replicate the ethos of one in the other. Sainik Schools are set apart from others.


  • Sainik Schools are supported by Central and State funding and committed to bring public school education to the common man and function as feeder institutions to the National Defence Academy.


  • The formidable infrastructure for academic and co-curricular development, the well equipped laboratories–separate for each science subject, induction of boys right from the junior classes into practical work and experimentation (as opposed to mere demonstration by the teachers) are the most enviable facilities without any doubt. Unlike most other schools where practical work is undertaken merely to pass the hurdle of the practical examinations at the Board level, in Sainik Schools learning by doing methods are followed throughout to inculcate an experimental and problem solving skills in the cadets. For the cadets in Sainik Schools laboratories are as familiar as their class rooms. Apart from the need to supplement theory, students are permitted and even encouraged, to undertake additional projects of their own choice.


  • There is complete academic freedom, subject to the day's tough schedule. Stress is laid not on learning by rote and on short term, though glamorous achievements like cent percent pass or the number of distinctions and first classes achieved by the school but rather on learning in-depth, for the most enduring success at higher levels and in various careers open to them. A follow-up of the track records of over forty thousand students who have passed out of the portals of Sainik Schools confirms the not-so-popularly held belief that lack of brilliance in the earlier years does not necessarily presage its continuity in later years and also vice-versa. Unlike ordinary schools and colleges, the Sainik Schools alumni are fairly active, have instituted many endowments, awards and trophies, many of them in the hallowed memory of their companions who laid down their lives in the service of the Motherland. 


  • The tough schedule of work, beginning with PT in the early morning and concluding with studies in the dormitory fairly late in the night; optimum utilization of time and opportunities, as well as close contact with teachers, even outside the classrooms are admittedly too demanding for all in the beginning but the mind and body soon get attuned to the regimen. Pressure and tension in most cases bring out putative talents and gifts although it is true that a few of the entrants in Class VI get withdrawn or dropout. The same is true of new entrants to the faculty who join hoping for a cushy soft job with plenty of free time and holidays, as is common in the profession elsewhere.


  • A campus life totally free from linguistic, communal and social bias and is well insulated from the sordid strife and discord which bedevil student life outside. 


  • The profusion of facilities for games, sports and even martial arts is not to make a few champions or to publicise success in inter-school tournaments, instead, it is to expose the cadets to team games like Football, Hockey, Cricket, Volleyball and Basketball so that constant practice would engender personality development and competitive abilities in so many ways–invaluable assets always at a premium for a successful career in the services. Schools also offer the advantage of training in Equitation, Shooting and Swimming as well.


  • The obligatory NCC training, adventure courses, route marches, cross-country racing, ceremonial parades, pride in uniform and smart turn-out, the library habit, group discussions, debates, cultural activities–all these immensely help in personality development.


  • The true worth of any educational institution lies in the quality of the student-teacher interaction. It is indeed mutually beneficial–for the students in their pursuit of excellence and for the teachers in drawing out the best from each (teacher). This is further enhanced by a harmonious blending of the civilian and military ethos, perceptions and value systems. The filial affection cherished by the alumni for their alma mater and their mentors is in refreshing contrast from what is prevalent elsewhere.



An active alumni association has local chapters in most of the cities in the country and quite a few outside country too. Every year there is a Reunion in the school campus. The Old Boys Association (OBA) has instituted many endowments, awards and trophies many of them in the hallowed memory of their compatriots lost in war. Gifts of books, games equipment and motivational material are all annual features. 


Organisational Structure



      The Sainik Schools are managed by a Society which is registered under the Societies Registration Act(XXI of 1860). The Chief Executive Body of the Sainik Schools Society is a Board of Governors functioning under the Chairmanship of the Defence Minister. For exercising closer control and supervision over the affairs of Sainik Schools there is an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of Defence Secretary. The day to day work of the Society is managed by Dir (Trg) & Hony Secy who is assisted by Inspecting Officers, Under Secretary, Sainik Schools Society and SO(Sainik School Cell). The staff for the cell is provided by the MoD. The local administration of the school is looked after by a Local Board of Administration whose Chairman is the GoC-in-C of the concerned Command where the Sainik School is located.



    Board of Governors



    The overall administration, supervision and control of the Sainik Schools Society vests with the body called the Board of Governors, Sanik Schools. This Board will be constituted as indicated hereunder:-


    (a) Raksha Mantri   
    (b) RRM/URM (Minister in charge of Sainik Schools in Min of Def)
    Vice Chairman
    (c) Chief Ministers or Education Ministers of the States where the schools are established.
    Ex-Officio Member
    (d) Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Defence.
    (e) Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Education
    (f) Financial Adviser, Ministry of Finance (Defence) Govt. of India
    (g) Chairman, University Grants Commission.
    (h) Vice Chiefs of staff or the PSOs dealing with Education in the three Defence Services.
    (j) Director General, NCC
    (k) Joint Secretary Ministry of Defence
    (l) Chairman, Joint Training Committee, Armed Forces, Headquarters
    (m) Education secretary of each State government.
    (n) Four eminent educationists nominated by the Chairman.
    Nominated Members
    (o) Four eminent persons nominated by the Chairman.



    Executive Committee 


      There is an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of Defence Secretary for close controls and supervision over    the   affairs of Sainik Schools. The composition of the Committee is as under:-


    (a) Defence Secretary


    (b) Financial Adviser, Defence Services


    (c) Additional Adviser, Defence Services


    (d) Joint Secretary (G)


    (e) Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Education & Culture concerned with school education.


    (f) Three representatives from the State Governments where Sainik Schools are functioning.


    (g) Honorary Secretary Sainik Schools Society

    Member Secretary



     Local Board of Administration(LBA)



    There is a Local Board of Administration for each schools. The composition of the LBA is as under:-


    (a)GOC-in-C/FOC-in-C/AOC-in-C of the Army /Navy/Air Force Command in which the school is located or a Senior Defence Service Officer nominated by him, not below the rank of Maj Gen or Equivalent


    (b) Member of Parliament of the area where school is located.


    (c) One Officer of the Education Deptt and one Officer from Engineering Deptt, if so nominated by the Govt. of the state concerned.


    (d) The Collector/Deputy Commissioner of the concerned district.


    (e) Two eminent educationists from the State, including at least one Principal of a good public School.


    (f) A parent other than a Staff member duly elected.


    (g) The Principal of the Sainik School

    Member Secretary



  •  Principal, Headmaster and Registrar are  service officers on deputation.These Service Officers are of the rank Colonel/Lt Colonel/Major and equivalent from the three Services.

  • PT & NCC staff is provided by the Ministry of Defence for these schools.


Addresses of Sainik Schools Society (Ministry of Defence)


Sainik Schools Society Room No. 101, D-1 Wing, Sena Bhawan, New Delhi-110011 Tel: 011-23014731
Shri Vikram Dev Dutt (IAS), JS (Trg & CAO), E-Block, Dhalousie Road Sainik Schools Society Ministry of Defence New Delhi - 110011 Tel: 011-23018201, 23018232
Shri Saurabh Kumar, Dir (Trg) & Honorary Secretary Sainik Schools Society Ministry of Defence New Delhi - 110011 Tel: 011-23010600
Col Rajeev Singh, Inspecting Officer (R) Sainik Schools Society Ministry of Defence, Room no - 101, Ist Floor, D1 Wing, Sena Bhawan, New Delhi - 110011 Tel: 011- 23014826, 23011498
Gp Capt Surinder Singh, Inspecting Officer (S) Sainik Schools Society Ministry of Defence, Room no - 101, Ist Floor, D1 Wing, Sena Bhawan, New Delhi - 110011 Tel: 011- 23011498
Mr. Prem Parkash, Under Secretary, Sainik School Cell, Ministry of Defence, New Delhi - 110011 Tel: 011 - 23015769
Mr. Brajesh Sharma, Section Officer, Sainik School Cell, Ministry of Defence, New Delhi - 110011 Tel: 011 - 23014731


List & Address of Sainik Schools


Other Sainik Schools Website Click here


Amaravathinagar-642 102
Distt- Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)
Ph- 04252-256246
Distt- Nainital (Uttaranchal)
Ph- 05942-2200816
SS Nalanda Rajgir
Nalanda (Bihar)
Ph– 06112-255449
SS Balachadi
Distt- Jamnagar (Gujrat)
SS Imphal 
Post Box No 21 (Manipur)
Ph– 0385-2423122
SS Purulia 
Distt-Purliya (West Bengal)
Ph– 03252-223999
SS Bhubaneswar
SS Kazhakootam
Trivendram (Kerala)
Ph– 0471-2418245
SS Rewa
Madhya Pradesh
Ph– 07662-254803
SS Bijapur
Ph– 08352-270638
SS Kapurthala
Ph– 01822-232532
SS Satara
Ph– 02162-234483
SS Chittorgarh
Ph– 01472-248695
SS Korukonda
Vizianagram AP
Ph– 08922-246168
SS Sujanpur Tira,
Hamirpur, (Himanchal Pradesh)
Ph– 01972-272024
SS Goalpara
Rajapara (Assam)
SS Kunjpura, 
Karnal (Haryana)
Ph– 0184-238-4551
SS Tilaiya 
Distt- Koderma, ( Jharkhand) 
Ph– 06534-235048
SS Gopalgang, Hathwa 
Distt-Gopalgang, (Bihar)
SS Nagrota
J & K
Ph– 0191-2673927
SS Punglwa 
Distt- Peren (Nagaland)
SS Ambikapur, Bishunpur
Distt-Surguja, (Chhattisgarh)
SS Rewari,
Sector-4 Rewari (Haryana)
SS Kodagu,
PO Kodagu (Karnataka)



Sainik Schools Society, Ministry of Defence
PHONES- 23014731, 23014826, 23011498, 23015769